Health Problems Of The Young: PCODDr. Nitin Gupte
Obesity And PCOD In Young Ladies
We have already seen that the commonest health problems faced by overweight or obese young people are hypertension and PCOD. We have discussed the first condition viz. hypertension.
Here we are discussing PCOD (polycystic ovarian disease) otherwise also known as PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome).
PCOD is very common amongst young ladies between the age group of 15 to 25 years. Its exact cause is not known. In this condition the ovaries develop multiple cysts leading to hormonal imbalance. In most cases the periods are delayed or altogether absent. Weight gain, excessive facial hair growth and pimples are other features of PCOD. About a third of ladies with PCOD suffer from infertility. Many girls with PCOD may also have hypothyroidism. Both conditions cause weight gain.
The diagnosis is confirmed by abdominal sonography and hormonal study.
Taking hormones to regulate periods does not improve PCOD. Many girls take hormones off and on in three month cycles, but that does not help as the cycles become irregular on stopping hormones.
The first line of treatment of PCOD is weight reduction. Beginning to exercise and losing weight usually corrects the cycles and reverses PCOD. Here both a good workout and weight loss seem to influence reversal of PCOD.
Many girls will tell you that their periods are regular when they have some form of exercise like walking, cycling, dancing or sports like tennis and they become irregular when they stop exercising for a while. These are principally cardiovascular exercises.
Here it must be understood that the term exercise mentioned above doesn’t include heavy weight training or exhaustive floor exercises which are commonly being sold to you by gyms and slimming centers. In fact heavy weight training can disturb your hormones and you may land into PCOD. Many girls experience delayed periods when on heavy weight training.
So if you are a young girl gaining weight apparently without reason and the periods are getting delayed regularly, consult a gynaecologist. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, start exercising regularly and take steps to lose weight if already overweight.
Also read Latest Post ‘Health Problems Of The Young: Hypertension‘ on this website.